Federal business taxes

The types of federal taxes you pay depend on your business structure, the kinds of products or services you offer, and whether or not you have employees. Here are some basics. Consult a tax professional for your business.

Examples of types of federal taxes

  • The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) collects Income Tax from all business types, although the type of income tax return varies by business type. The federal income tax is meant to be paid throughout the year.
  • If you do not pay the Income Tax through withholding, or do not pay enough, you may be asked to pay an Estimated Tax to make up the difference.
  • Employment Taxes cover social security and Medicare taxes as well as additional withholding and unemployment taxes for employees.
  • The Self-Employment Tax covers social security and Medicare taxes for people who work for themselves.
  • Excise taxes are paid on certain business operations, including communications and air transportation; retail sale of heavy trucks, trailers, and tractors; accepting wagers of conducting a wagering pool or lottery; and more.

Visit the IRS website for full details about each type of business tax.

NOTE: You need an Employer Identification Number (EIN) in order to collect and pay federal taxes. If you are a sole proprietor, this may be your social security number. You may apply for an EIN through the IRS.

Tax by business type

Tax types and rates vary by the type of business you own (e.g. LLC, S-Corp). Tax codes change often, so it's best to refer to the IRS' business website to get the most up-to-date details.

Last updated January 23, 2024